14 Apr Usmca Agreement Vote
In November 2018, the heads of state and government of the three countries signed the agreement in Argentina at the G20 conference. Then came the difficult part: ratify the agreement in all three countries. Business groups say Congress` approval of the USMCA implementation law makes it less likely that Trump will try to change a trade deal negotiated and renamed by his administration. A new addition to the USMCA is the inclusion of Chapter 33, which covers macroeconomic policies and exchange rate issues. This is considered important because it could set a precedent for future trade agreements.  Chapter 33 sets out requirements for currency and macroeconomic transparency that, in the event of a breach, would be grounds for litigation under Chapter 20.  The United States, Canada and Mexico currently meet all of these transparency requirements in addition to substantive policy requirements that comply with the international Monetary Fund`s articles.  It seemed unlikely that the government would pursue climate change, not only because of Trump`s skepticism about science, but also because a trade negotiation target approved by Congress in 2015 stipulated that trade agreements should not impose commitments on U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. The language is part of a tariff enforcement law that has introduced several negotiating directives into the status of the Trade Promotion Authority, which sets the ground rules for trade agreements that are sent to Congress for approval. The vote on the agreement between the United States and Mexico took place after the Senate voted in favor of repealing budget cuts. Senator Patrick J. Toomey, R-Pa., argued on the ground, as he did in the Committee on Budgets, that the bill contained appropriations that violate budget rules.
After some great reports at Politico, all parties began to make some progress in the fall, albeit in costumes and debuts. Behind the scenes, Mexico, the Democrats in the House of Representatives and Lighthizer, furious, tried to agree on stricter labor standards. “There is no doubt that this trade agreement is much better than NAFTA,” said House of Representatives spokeswoman Nancy Pelosi. “But as far as our work here is concerned, it is infinitely better than what the administration originally proposed.” The agreed text of the agreement was signed by the heads of state and government of the three countries on November 30, 2018, as an incidental event at the 2018 G20 summit in Buenos Aires, Argentina.  The English, Spanish and French versions will also be binding and the agreement will take effect after ratification by the three states through the adoption of enabling laws.  In addition to the provisions of the original NAFTA, the USMCA borrows significant credits under the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade agreements and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). On April 3, 2020, Mexico announced its willingness to implement the agreement and joined Canada.  The agreement came into force on July 1, 2020.     But Ottawa and Washington compiled their disagreements on issues such as milk settlement and dispute resolution, and the Mexico-Canada Agreement of the United States (USMCA) was born.